The Green Super Rice (GSR) breeding strategy began in 2008 at IRRI to efficiently develop lines with multiple-stress tolerance and more nutrient- and water-use efficiency with high genetic gains for various targeted ecosystems. The development of superior rice varieties with the GSR breeding approach under decreased rates of fertilizer, pesticide, and irrigation water, grown in marginal environments and producing fewer greenhouse gas emissions, and with improved grain nutrient elements. GSR breeding aims to develop stable high-yielding GSR rice varieties with several green traits suitable to be grown under lower input conditions in irrigated and rainfed areas of Asian and African countries.

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